Read e-book online 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy PDF

By Gavin Menzies

ISBN-10: 0061492183

ISBN-13: 9780061492181

The brilliance of the Renaissance laid the root of the fashionable international. Textbooks let us know that it happened because of a rediscovery of the tips and beliefs of classical Greece and Rome. yet now bestselling historian Gavin Menzies makes the startling argument that during the 12 months 1434, China—then the world's so much technologically complicated civilization—provided the spark that set the eu Renaissance ablaze. From that date onward, Europeans embraced chinese language principles, discoveries, and innovations, all of which shape the foundation of Western civilization this present day.

The New York Times bestselling writer of 1421 combines a long-overdue ancient reexamination with the thrill of an investigative event, bringing the reader aboard the impressive chinese language fleet because it sails from China to Cairo and Florence, after which again the world over. Erudite and brilliantly reasoned, 1434 will swap the way in which we see ourselves, our historical past, and our international.

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Extra resources for 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance

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She is in fact the highest expression of his imagination and his male desire. 17 Her beauty adorns an idea of virtue that is wholly of his imagining and his desire, find­ing its perfection in her remembered presence among the cool springs and shady groves that together evoke for him a consoling refrigerium from ev­ery worldly passion and strife. Seen in such a light, the task of art his­tory criticism is to discover on a case-­by-­case basis, following the rules (guided by metaphorical clusterings of the sort indicated by Leo­ nardo) that govern the creation and reception of vernacular courtly poetry.

The ways in which people see and feel, and the means by which they describe these experiences, are fun25 The Early Renaissance and Vernacular Culture damental to literary and artistic expression in all ­genres. I would suggest that the revival of letters, which entailed the recovery of ancient texts in tandem with the new cultivation of the vernacular language and literature, together with the revival of the visual arts, gradually altered the way people saw the world around them and expressed what they saw.

FranT cis in the creation of a new vernacular-­based culture. Francis, who as a youth had been greatly enamored of the poetry of the troubadours, was among the very first to respond favorably to the popular demand for sermons preached in the common tongue rather than in a Latin no one could understand, and he was an inventor of that most characteristic form of lay devotional verse, the lauda (early perfected by the Franciscan Jacopone da Todi). His popular vernacular preaching inspired homespun elaborations of biblical stories such as those written by the Franciscan Pseudo-­Bonaventura (and, later, by the authors of the first sacre rappresentazioni), whose immense in­flu­ence on the arts was extensively documented long ago by Emile Mâle.

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1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance by Gavin Menzies


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