By Richard Crandall, Marvin Levich, H. Rheingold
Computer expertise has develop into a reflect of what we're and a reveal on which we undertaking either our hopes and our fears for how the realm is altering. prior during this century, fairly within the post-World conflict II period of unparalleled development and prosperity, the social agreement among citi zens and scientists/engineers was once epitomized by way of the road Ronald Reagan promoted as spokesman for normal electrical: "Progress is our such a lot impor tant product. " in additional fresh a long time, post-Chernobyl, post-Challenger, post-Bhopal, post-Microsoft, the social agreement has gone through a transfor mation. extra individuals are doubtful, apprehensive, and downright against the proposal that extra expertise promises a greater existence. what's a "better life"? Who advantages and who loses while new applied sciences switch the way in which we are living, paintings, examine, and play? Who has a say within the manner applied sciences are designed and deployed? the place are we going, are we convinced we wish to move there, and who has the ability to do something approximately itt From the early days of the railroads, into the period of electrification, during the McLuhan age, a lot of the discourse approximately expertise has been hype, utopianism, and what a few historians have referred to as "the rhetoric of the technological chic. " we now have came across, although, that no longer everybody profit economically or politically from technological change.
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Extra resources for A Network Orange: Logic and Responsibility in the Computer Age
17 There are even machine-learning models based on analogy to secreted chemicals such as neurotransmitters and hormones. One reference is S Kitano's "A Model for Hormonal Modulation of Learning," pp. 532-538 in Volume I of Mellish 1995. t8 Mellish 1995 is replete with descriptions of working simple robots, robot paradigms, and intelligent agents in general. Toward a Theory of Machine Consciollsness 31 autonomy, intent, conditional behavior, and so on, still seem to be out of reach. " The idea that CPUs do not wield sufficient power, say in terms of megaflops,19 is a dangerous delusion, especially given the rush to more machine complexity.
By contrast, a very fast modern computer (a 1M, of course) would require perhaps one second or more to calculate the hologram. Thus they differ in performance by a factor of a billion. The interfering wave functions of the laser light calculate the hologram spectrum-nature's way By combining the notions of apparati and waves, one can go a little further. It turns out to be possible, via an assembly of polaroid filters and mirrors, to construct an apparatus that performs simultaneous addition and subtraction.
The Human Use oj Human Beings. New York: Da Capo Press. Williams, C. P, and Clearwater, S. H. 1997. Explorations in Quantum Computing. New York: TELOS/Springer-Verlag. 22 A Network Orange OF rrr; INE CONSCIOUSNESS T he superior [chess] player is always on the alert for exceptions to general rules and analysis. One of [Alexander) Alekhlnes particular strengths lay In his ability La create positions that on the surface seemed rather unclear or innocuous, but In fact were deadly. Viennese Grandmaster Rudolf Spielmann complained thal he could understand and discover Alekhine's final combinations easily enough .
A Network Orange: Logic and Responsibility in the Computer Age by Richard Crandall, Marvin Levich, H. Rheingold