By Howard Jones
America's adventure in Greece has usually been stated as a version via these later policymakers in Washington who regard the involvement as a "victory" for American overseas coverage. certainly, President Johnson and others talked about Greece because the version for America's deepening involvement in Vietnam throughout the mid-1960's. Greece grew to become the battlefield for a brand new type of war--one that incorporated using guerrilla battle, propaganda, warfare within the shadows, terror strategies and victory in keeping with outlasting the enemy. It used to be additionally a try earlier than the area of America's unravel to guard the primary of self-determination. Jones argues that American coverage in the direction of Greece was once the focus within the improvement of a world procedure designed to strive against totalitarianism. He additionally argues that had the White condo and others drawn the true "lessons" from the intervention in Greece, the selections concerning Vietnam could have been extra conscientiously suggestion out.
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Extra info for "A New Kind of War": America's Global Strategy and the Truman Doctrine in Greece
The manpower ceiling seemed sufficiently high at 115,000 (along with 35,000 gendarmerie). But the men were poorly led, ill-trained, undisciplined, inadequately provisioned, low in morale, and reluctant to take the offensive. Many regulars were tied to static defense duties, unable and in many instances unwilling to leave their posts. The previous October the Greeks had established an organization called MAY, which was comprised of "units of rural self-defense" in the villages, armed and subordinate to officers or non-commissioned officers of reserves living in the area.
To ease the impact of such a drastic retrenchment, Bevin called on the cabinet in late January to approve a grant of two million pounds' ($8 million) worth of equipment to Greece for the reorganization and training of its army. Perhaps the British could also meet part of the costs of maintaining the Greek army after March 31 if the United States picked up the balance. The cabinet soon approved Bevin's recommendation for the special grant, and it agreed to the proposal of the chiefs of staff to reduce British troops in Greece to one brigade by April 1.
If the guerrillas were defeated, he noted, the British troops would not be necessary; if the guerrillas won, the troops would have to get out to avoid involvement in the hostilities. The chiefs of staff were willing to allow a brigade to remain as a token presence only until April 1, 1947. In the meantime the Greek army must be reorganized and trained in counterinsurgency warfare. 19 British leaders were not united on the question of pulling out of Greece; Bevin learned of the growing feeling for an early withdrawal while at the UN in New York and was shocked.
"A New Kind of War": America's Global Strategy and the Truman Doctrine in Greece by Howard Jones