By Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)
The papers during this booklet query the tyranny of typological considering in archaeology via case stories from numerous South American international locations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, in any case, how to create networks that supply meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny could be conquer in the event that they are used from a severe, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: severe as the complacent perspective in the direction of their tyranny is changed by way of a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as skill to arrive replacement and suggestive interpretations yet now not as final and convinced destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to keep on with they're quite used as constitutive components of extra complicated and connective materials. The papers integrated within the publication are diversified in temporal and locational phrases. They conceal from so known as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are similar. they've got in universal their shared rejection of verified, naturalized typologies that constrain the best way archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into renowned and predictable conclusions. Their imaginitive interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious as a result of their organization with colonial political narratives. as an alternative, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological data.
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Additional info for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
Language, culture, and environment: Tupí-Guaraní plant names over time. In A. ), Amazonian Indians from prehistory to the present: Anhropological perspectives (pp. 363–380). Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Barreto, C. (1996). The emergence of Central Brazilian native villages: Investigating the transition to sedentism and agriculture in a traditional Bororo territory. Paper presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, New Orleans. Barreto, C. (2011). A construção social do espaço: de volta às aldeias circulares do Brasil Central.
Groups are linked to each other through the competitive exchange of wealth objects as gifts and feasting in continuous cycles of status rivalry (Frankenstein and Rowlands 1978, p. 76). 34 R. A. Gassón is not right to characterize the interregional exchange in all cases as decentralized (Gassón 1996, p. 145); as stated by Gnecco (1996, pp. 181–184) for the chiefdoms of southwestern Colombia, the exchange of prestige goods is an expression of societies articulated to the emergence and maintenance of the elite political power.
São Paulo: Companhia das Letras. Upham, S. (1990). Decoupling the processes of political evolution. In S. ), The evolution of political systems: Sociopolitics in small-scale sedentary societies (pp. 1–17). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Viertler, R. (1976). As aldeias Bororo. Alguns aspectos de sua organização social. Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo. Viveiros de Castro, E. (1996). Images of nature and society in Amazonian ethnology. Annual Review of Anthropology, 25, 179–200. Viveiros de Castro, E.
Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective by Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)