Get Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation PDF

By Arild Angelsen, David Kaimowitz

ISBN-10: 0851994512

ISBN-13: 9780851994512

This e-book has been constructed from a workshop on Technological switch in agriculture and tropical deforestation prepared through the guts for overseas Forestry study and held in Costa Rica in March, 1999. It explores how intensification of agriculture impacts tropical deforestation utilizing case reports from diversified realms, utilizing assorted agricultural items and applied sciences and in differing demographic occasions and marketplace stipulations. tips is additionally given on destiny agricultural examine and extension efforts.

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Sections 2, 3 and 4 of this chapter review the transition in three countries – Denmark, France and Switzerland. Despite geographical differences and environments ranging from coastal lowland to alpine, certain similarities characterize the three cases. Section 5 discusses the role of agricultural technology within the broader context of socio-economic and political change. The final section concludes and draws out some points that may be of relevance for today’s developing countries. 2. The Forest Transition in Denmark By 1800, Denmark had lost all but some 4% of its forest cover.

The first forestry training schools opened in 1786 and the first university programme began in 1800 (Sabroe, 1954). A series of crises triggered the 1805 act. According to Kjærgaard (1994), Denmark suffered a chronic multidimensional ecological crisis during the 18th century. One aspect of this was a loss of forest cover, due to rising population and limited agricultural resources. Apart from that, the Napoleonic Wars disrupted Copenhagen’s firewood imports from Holstein. This made firewood acutely scarce and prices doubled between 1780 and 1800 (Friis and Glamann, 1958).

1. The perfect market case Consider a farm household that produces one commodity with a fixed-input (Leontief) technology. Labour, capital and output per hectare are all fixed. e. its price equals zero) and agricultural expansion takes place in ‘empty’ forest. When farmers move inputs and outputs between a village and the field, they incur transport costs. Thus, land rent diminishes as you move further from the village centre. Given these assumptions, we can use a von Thünen approach to determine how far the agricultural frontier advances.

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Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation by Arild Angelsen, David Kaimowitz

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